By Don Whitefield and Stephan Kesting
We asked BJJ legend Ricardo de la Riva to show us the Five Most Imporant Techniques from the ‘de la Riva Guard! Here’s what he showed us, and we’ll go through each one of them!
- The Basic de la Riva Sweep
- The Reverse de la Riva Sweep
- The Entangled Leg Sweep
- The Back Trip Sweep
- The Cross Knee Guard Pass Counter
Ricardo de la Riva is a slight unassuming man with a gentle smile. Talking to him it is hard to imagine that this man is on the cutting edge of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. Voted as one of the top five technical fighters of all times by his peers, every BJJ school on the planet is teaching his famous de la Riva guard.
Nobody could have imagined the impact this skinny 15 year old kid would have on the jiu-jitsu world, when he walked into one of Carlson Gracie’s affiliate schools in Copacabana and started training under the then brown belt Marcus Soares. When Marcus closed his gym, de la Riva started training at Carlson Gracie’s main academy; de la Riva had previously impressed Carlson by beating Carlson’s nephew in an inter-academy tournament.
The young de la Riva helped teach classes as a blue belt, and within six years Carlson awarded him his black belt. We recently a chance to train with de la Riva and asked him how his guard came about.
Carlson Gracie had his own approach to teaching Jiu-Jitsu with an aggressive style of training and a reputation of not holding back any information from his students. His academy was only the second jiu-jitsu academy to open, and Carlson, at the time still in his twenties and being a very aggressive fighter himself, attracted the most athletic and talented fighters around.
De la Riva still remembers well the extremely proud and competitive training atmosphere of the training at the legendary Carlson academy. Even getting onto the Gracie Competition Team was a very tough process, and once on it you had to compete against the other schools. The rivalry between Helio’s style of “technical” jiu-jitsu and Carlson aggressive style of jiu-Jitsu went back a long way and there are still Carlson student today claiming that no Helio fighter has ever defeated a Carlson fighter.
De la Riva also remembers how future champions like Mario Sperry, Murillo Bustamente, Allan Goes and others started training at the Carlson’s famous Rua Figueiredo Magalhaes academy as white belts. “Their talent was obvious and the level of jiu-jitsu was very high. You could see right from the beginning how gifted they were.” He especially remembers Amaury Bitetti and Ricardo Liborio sparring with their teammates.
De La Riva also remembers the “original bad boy” Wallid Ismail walking in as a young blue belt from an affiliate academy; “He always had a temper and would fight like crazy.” The eighties turned out to be high watermark for the Carlson Gracie team producing many of the famous champions among the more then 100 black belts promoted by Carlson.
With his small stature de la Riva found a way to survive in this aggressive atmosphere by fighting mostly from the bottom, trying to keep his stronger opponents from passing. This led to his innovation: the famous de la Riva guard position.
What is only known to his students, however, is that it also led de la Riva to develop a very sophisticated half guard and butterfly guard game. “We never gave it names back then and just used to call all of it the open guard,” he says. The technical expertise in this open guard allowed de la Riva to compete successfully for years, beating notables like Royler, Rolker and Royce Gracie.
In 1986 he opened the de la Riva jiu-jitsu academy, teaching his very own technical and creative style of BJJ. Over the years he produced dozens of black belts, training people like Rodrigo “Minotauro” Nogueira and Marcello Montiero along the way.
As time went by and he continued to beat the best fighters in Brazil, including Royce Gracie twice, his fame started to spread beyond Copacabana. De la Riva academies started to open across South America, North America and Europe.
These days, de la Riva spends his time teaching seminars around the globe, as well as teaching at his own academy. He even has a whole BJJ tournament series named in honor of his achievements. The de la Riva Championships in Japan attract the best and brightest of the grappling community in that country every year.
When asked about his success he proves to be very humble. In his typical modest style that never really takes himself too serious. He thinks that it was partially genetics that helped him succeed: “I share very flexible ankles with my brother, and that helped me to survive as long as I did.” He finishes jokingly: “I really didn’t have a choice. When I was young I only could either play soccer or do jiu-jitsu and these ankles sure were no good for soccer.”
The de la Riva guard is an open guard position where one leg is wrapped around the outside of the opponent’s leg with the foot hooking his inner thigh. Typically you control one or both sleeves and attack with a variety of sweeps and submissions.Here are 5 techniques that de la Riva considers to be key in mastering his style of guard. Learn these and you’ll be off to a great start
De la Riva (in blue) teaching the de la Riva guard at a recent seminar. Note especially the position of his left leg and foot.
1: De la Riva has Boca in the open guard with both feet on his hips controlling both his sleeves with his hands.
TECHNIQUE 2: REVERSE DE LA RIVA SWEEP
TECHNIQUE 3: ENTANGLED LEG SWEEP
TECHNIQUE 4: BACK TRIP SWEEP VS. STAND-UP
TECHNIQUE 5: REVERSE DE LA RIVA GUARD COUNTER TO CROSS SLIDE
More de la Riva material on Grapplearts…
This article includes a video in which BJJ black belt and friend of Grapplearts Brandon ‘Wolverine’ Mullins demonstrates his favourite sweep from the de la Riva guard, the ‘Ball and Chain Sweep’
In this article Ostap Manastyrski breaks down a closely related position – the Reverse de la Riva – which has become very important in modern BJJ competition in part because it is a counter to the cross-knee slide guard pass used by many competitors.
Don Whitefield is the head instructor at West Coast Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, located in Maple Ridge, BC (www.jiujitsulife.com).
Stephan Kesting operates Grapplearts.com. Click here to download his free BJJ instructional app, The Roadmap for BJJ.
Originally published March 13, 2012, this article was updated on December 25th, 2015